Just on the border of Sudan and Egypt lies this quaint Nubian village where a magnificent and majestic Ancient Egyptian temple complex is carved right out into a mountain. Abu Simbel is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
During the time of the construction of the High Dam, the water from the Nile River was observed to be rising and was going to submerge the sacred temples of Abu Simbel. Fortunately, the temple complex was lifted 60 meters off the ground where they were built and that saved this UNESCO World Heritage Site from utter ruin. After 3,000 years they were built, the twin temples are considered one of the most important ancient monuments in Egypt and are now drawing in and fascinating tourists from around the world.
The village itself and the temples are just big enough to be explored on foot without feeling fatigued. It is said that the largest temple was built in dedication to one of the most famous pharaohs, Ramses II, and his wife Nefertari. Both temples were built around the 13th century BC. One of the best features of the temple architecturally is that on two days in a year, when sunlight pierces through the temple to illuminate the chamber located in the innermost part of the temple, four magnificent statues are marvelously revealed. These statues are of the Egyptian gods: Ra, Amun, Ramses, and Ptah.
Visitors may find the Sound and Light Show quite entertaining and they can check out Tuva Café and Hotel to complete the Abu Simbel experience.